With our depreciating economy, freelancers of all types are on the rise.

Everything from freelance writers to freelance bakers, people are finding it easier and later more profitable, to open their own business rather than begging for a start in someone else’s business.

Are you tired of working for “the man” making pennies while the bills are costing you dollars?

Would you like to make a side income, or better yet, a business of your very own?

Would you like to know the secret of such a venture?

In this article, you will discover what I like to call the “Four Pillars of Success”.

1. WHAT IS IT THAT YOU WANT TO DO?: The first important decision you will have to make is what type of business you want run. A writing business? A bakery? A chauffeurs business? Knowing what it is you want to contribute will narrow the endless list of possiblites.

2. WHAT WILL YOU BE READING?: It is important that before you take on any business that you learn all you can about the business you plan on doing. Arm yourself with the knowledge and skills it takes to build the business or side business of your dreams.

For Freelance Writers, I highly suggest the following blogs:





3. TO WHOM WILL YOU BE PROSPECTING?: Once you know what you want to do for a business, the next thing to know is who would buy what it is that you want to offer?

To search for your “ideal client or customer” consider using:

a. GOOGLE– Quite possibly the greatest search tool for freelancers of all types.

b. LINKEDIN– To keep things on a professional basis, you may want to try LinkedIn. Unlike Facebook, you won’t have to worry about enduring such posts as who did what to whom. LinkedIn is a professional site for professionals.

4. HOW WILL YOU MARKET/ADVERTISE?: The final part of the “Four Pillars of Success” is knowing how will you get the word out and let people know you exist.

You can be the best at what you do but if no one knows you can do it, how can you expect them to hire you to do it?

a. Do you have a new article/blog post/story that you completed? Have you created a tasty new treat? Did you compose something that would make even Mozart green with envy? Take it to all your social media accounts. LinkedIn, Twitter, and yes even Facebook. The larger the reach, the more people will see your accomplishments.

Any business that you choose to go out on your own with, it is important that you think about these things.

It is better to look into a pool to make sure there is water in it than it is to just jump right in.

I hope you found this article informative.

For those interested in my writings can view them on these two blogs






I don’t know about you, but if I wake up with a dry mouth, it ruins the start of my day.

Dry mouth is the worst.

Why? Because if I start with dry mouth, chances are that the dreaded dry mouth will come back during the day.

How can we stop this without medicine or an expensive trip to the dentist?

In this article, we will delve deep into the dry mouth and beat it naturally.

What is the big deal about dry mouth anyway?

Dry mouth renders your mouth defenseless against gingivitis, tooth decay, and other infections of the mouth. This could lead to other problems because as we all know, GUM DISEASE LEADS TO HEART DISEASE.

What is dry mouth?

Dry mouth is the result of the impairment of the saliva-producing parts of the mouth known as the salivary glands.

What can cause this impairment?

There are several known causes of dry mouth.

  1. Medications: Some of the medications we take can have dry mouth as a side effect. Both prescription medication and over-the-counter medications that treat everything from acne to psychotic disorders can cause dry mouth.


  1. Disease or Infectious side effects: Dry mouth can be a side effect of certain medical conditions such as Parkinson’s disease and AIDS.


  1. Certain medical treatments: Radiation from chemotherapy is just one way that the treatment of your ailment can damage the salivary glands thus giving you the dreaded dry mouth.


  1. Injuries involving the head and neck: An Undue shock to the head and neck area like from a concussion or an accident, can directly affect the salivary glands in your mouth making way for dry mouth.


  1. Deserting water: I am NOT a water drinker. I love my sweet tea too much to deal with water. However, just because a drink has water in it, doesn’t make it water. The only liquid that can hydrate the body is water. Make friends with it and close this door to dry mouth.


  1. Involuntary dehydration: Sometimes, your body can actually dehydrate itself. Fevers, diarrhea, vomiting, and even excessive sweating can cause dry mouth. Think about it. All that liquid has to come from somewhere.


  1. Your life: Not only am I not a water drinker, but I am also a smoker (and proud of it). Your lifestyle can also have an effect on your dry mouth. Whether you are a smoker like me, or maybe you chew tobacco (disgusting), it can aggravate the salivary glands and corrupt their ability to keep your mouth hydrated.


What are the symptoms that you should look out for with dry mouth?

Below is a list of common symptoms associated with dry mouth

  • Hoarseness
  • Sore throat
  • Dry nostrils and\or throat
  • Bad breath
  • Dry and raw tongue
  • Constantly feeling thirsty
  • Difficulty speaking or swallowing
  • Burning feeling on the tongue
  • Lip damage (cracked lips, sores and split skin in the corners of your mouth)



Yes. You read correctly. There are natural (not medicinal) ways you can treat your annoying dry mouth. Are you curious about what they are? Read on.

  1. Cayenne Pepper: When dry mouth comes and hits you in the…well, mouth, take some cayenne pepper and rub it on your tongue and gums. This will encourage your mouth to water up quickly.


  1. Lemons and Lemon Juice: These little yellow rescuers quickly come to your rescue by not only encouraging your mouth to produce saliva but also act as a defense against bad breath and a number of oral issues. Drink lemon juice (add honey for those who don’t take it straight) or suck on a lemon wedge. Watch your dry mouth disappear.


  1. Hydration: This should go without saying. A hydrated mouth cannot be dry.


  1. Grapeseed Oil: Want to eliminate or even prevent your dry mouth? Keep this on your tongue and gums.


  1. Humidify your place: If the air in your place is too dry, your mouth will be too. Get a humidifier and kiss your dry mouth goodbye.


  1. Sugar-free your sweet tooth: Chewing sugar-free gum or sucking on sugar-free candy can stimulate the production of saliva and therefore eliminating dry mouth.


  1. Breathe differently: Mouth-breathers beware. An open mouth is a dry one. Try breathing more through your nose.


  1. Say no to tobacco: One of the ways you can eliminate dry mouth is by staying away from smoking and chewing tobacco.


  1. Take a break from caffeine: Caffeine not only dehydrates the body, but it also dehydrates the mouth. So, if you do not want dry mouth, avoid, or cut back on caffeine.


  1. Lose the Booze: Alcohol robs the body of moisture quicker than almost anything else on the planet! Say no to alcohol and your dry mouth may not come visit you.


  • Dry mouth is irritating as well as a sign of serious health issues.
  • The different causes of dry mouth.
  • Common symptoms of dry mouth.
  • There are several different ways we can naturally eliminate dry mouth.


If we stay hydrated, avoid smoking and drinking alcohol, humidify our homes, and other ways listed in this article, the dry mouth will no longer be a threat to your oral health.

Well, I hope you enjoyed this article. Please leave me a comment below and as always:



The older you get, the more you hear about high blood pressure and how it can ruin your life. Doctors and commercials on television both pointing you to medications dedicated to helping you with that endeavor.

But what if you did not want to go on medication for the rest of your life? Is there another way?

In this article, we will go through eight natural ways to effectively lower your blood pressure.

And you do not need a doctor’s permission for any of them.

  1. Salt is not your friend: My mother loves salt. She would pour a pile of it on her plate and use it as a dipping sauce. Disgusting. Some of you may find salt just as appealing. However, by reducing your intake of salt, your body will release some of the extra water its been holding on to because of the salt. This reduces the stress placed on the heart.


MORAL: Salt no more.


  1. Caffeine is not your friend: The more caffeine you ingest, the stiffer your large arteries become according to some studies. This stiffness promotes high blood pressure.


MORAL: If you have to have a coffee in the morning (like I do), make it a Decaf.


  1. Snoring is more than just a nuisance: If you snore, it could be a good indicator of Obstructive Sleep Apnea which is linked to high blood pressure as well as an elevated aldosterone hormone level.


MORAL: Get your sleep checked.


  1. Excessive Alcohol is not your friend: According to doctors, drinking more than two drinks of alcohol a day for men and one for women can raise your blood pressure.


MORAL: Choose not to Booze.


  1. Too much of a good (or bad depending on your perspective) is not a good thing: Working overtime excessively reduces your body’s chances to relax. It should be no mystery this is a great window for high blood pressure to sneak in on you.


MORAL: Work when you must, but always find time to rest.


  1. Fitness IS your friend: The key to a happy heart, as well as your blood pressure, is exercise. Take a 30-minute walk around your town and take in the sights. Take those yoga or swimming lessons that you always wanted.


MORAL: Exercise makes the body stay young.


  1. Tune out high blood pressure: According to a recent study from the University of Florence, music that is soothing can help your body relax and in turn lower your blood pressure.


MORAL: Find time for your favorite furniture, plug in some headphones, and unplug that high blood pressure.


  1. Potatoes anyone?: That’s right. You heard it here. Potatoes in your diet can actually reduce your blood pressure. Does ANY kind of potato do that? NOPE. Sorry French fry lovers. The only potatoes that will help you in reducing your high blood pressure are baked, grilled, boiled, or plain.


MORAL: Potatoes, used the right way, can help you with your high blood pressure.

This finishes the eight natural ways you can lower your blood pressure. I hope you enjoyed it. Please leave a comment below.







Welcome back to another installment on the STORMS IN THE BRAIN series. Today we will talk about THE EERIE EPILEPSY.

Today, we will be discussing EPILEPSY as determined by its major component. The seizure.

But first, let us discuss what EPILEPSY is.

EPILEPSY is a central nervous condition that brings with it abnormal brain activity that includes the following:

  • Seizures
  • Loss of awareness or consciousness
  • Temporary confusion
  • Unusual sensations and behaviors
  • Feelings of anxiety, déjà vu, and fear

No one is immune to EPILEPSY. It can happen to anyone at any time.

The seizures that normally accompany epilepsy have a wide range of symptoms. One could simply stare blankly while in a seizure, while others twitch violently.

It is important to note here that just because you experience a seizure that happens once and not again, does not mean that you have EPILEPSY. The generally accepted requirement for the diagnosis of EPILEPSY is having more than one unprovoked seizure.

The seizures that govern EPILEPSY are classified into two different categories. Focal and Generalized Seizures

  • Focal Seizures: This type of classification of epileptic seizures is caused when the abnormal activity in the brain only happens in one area of your brain.

Focal Seizures can be further broken down into two categories.

  1. With awareness difficulties: If a person has EPILEPSY with an impaired sense of awareness, he or she may stare blankly and not respond to stimuli the way he or she would normally. In addition, he or she may do things repetitively like walking in circles.
  2. Without awareness difficulties: The person that has an epileptic seizure and can maintain his awareness, may have changes in mood or the way he or she hears, tastes, smells or sees things. In addition to these sensory difficulties, the person may also experience unexplained and sudden tingling, dizziness, or even see flashing lights.

Another important note: symptoms of Focal Seizures that are listed above also mimic other neurological disorders. A seasoned and trained medical professional will be able to determine whether or not the person experiencing these symptoms has EPILEPSY.

  • Generalized Seizures: For this classification, the epileptic seizure involves all areas of the brain.

Generalized Seizures have six different categories that it can be broken down into.

  1. Tonic Seizures: This seizure is responsible for the stiffening up of your muscles that are in your back, arms, and legs. If you are standing when this happens, you may fall.
  2. Atonic Seizures: With this type, you experience a total loss of muscle control. You will also fall with this type of seizure if it catches you standing.
  3. Absence Seizures: Mainly considered to be in children, this type of Generalized Seizure causes the child to stare blankly, smack their lips, blink their eyes, and other subtle body movements while in the seizure. It is even been discovered that with this type of seizure, a brief loss of awareness may occur.
  4. Clonic Seizures: The jerking of muscles, commonly in the face, neck, and arms are what gives Clonic Seizures their distinction.
  5. Myoclonic Seizures: This seizure causes short spans of twitches or jerks in the muscles found in the arms and legs.
  6. Tonic-Clonic Seizures: Watch out for this one. This type of seizure is the most severe. Commonly called the grand mal seizure, the Tonic-Clonic Seizure can cause a person to experience a stiffened, shaking body, loss of bladder control, biting of the tongue, and even an abrupt loss of consciousness.

As with any medical ailment, you should consider seeking medical help immediately should you experience any of the above issues. However, if you experience any of the below symptoms, you should also seek immediate medical help

  • A seizure that leaves you with an injury or lasting for more than five minutes
  • If you have a seizure, and another one follows almost immediately
  • First-time seizures

While EPILEPSY to date has to identifiable cause, we know that about half if the sufferers can have the factors traced back to six different types.

  • Brain Conditions: Things like tumors and strokes can cause EPILEPSY due to the damage to the brain that they cause.
  • Prenatal Injury: While a baby resides in the womb, it is defenseless against trauma. If the mother of the child becomes infected, has a poor diet, mineral and nutrition deficiency, or even oxygen troubles, these may cause the child to have EPILEPSY.
  • Genetics: Studies have shown that certain parts of the brain, as well as certain types of seizures associated with EPILEPSY, have a connection with family history.
  • Developmental Issues: Autism and neurofibromatosis, in addition to other developmental disorders, have been associated with EPILEPSY.
  • Viral attacks: Certain infectious diseases such as meningitis and viral encephalitis have been known to cause EPILEPSY.

Now, let’s look at the risk factors associated with EPILEPSY:

  • Familial tendencies: As previously stated, certain conditions exist that link family history with EPILEPSY.
  • Age: EPILEPSY is not discriminate. It doesn’t matter your age, EPILEPSY can creep up on you at any time.
  • Stroke of bad luck: Strokes are caused by the brain being deprived of the nutrients and oxygen it needs to function. This gives EPILEPSY an opportunity to creep up on you.
  • Dementia: The risk of EPILEPSY is greater with patients suffering from Dementia.

Have you ever wondered what complications that EPILEPSY can cause? Then look no further.

  • In your mind: People suffering from EPILEPSY are at increased risk of psychological issues ranging anywhere from anxiety to depression.
  • Inability dealing with heavy machinery: EPILEPSY causes you to lose sight of your surroundings. If you are driving or operating any kind of heavy equipment, you could end up in a serious accident.
  • Water woes: Epileptic seizures can occur at any time, if you are swimming, you could drown.
  • Vertigo: Seizures, while you are standing, can cause you to lose your balance and you could break a bone or crack your skull.
  • Two for the price of one: EPILEPSY in the mother during pregnancy poses a serious danger to both mother and child. If you are epileptic and plan on becoming pregnant, PLEASE consult with a doctor first.
  • Unexpected and unwanted visit: People suffering from EPILEPSY run a small risk of Sudden Unexpected Death. Even though it is a small risk, I implore you to take this seriously and have a talk with your doctor.


  • EPILEPSY is a serious and sometimes fatal condition that can affect more than just the infected.
  • EPILEPSY may not have a clearly identifiable cause, but several factors show a link to it.
  • EPILEPSY causes more than just seizures.

AND WHAT CAN WE DO ABOUT IT? Below is a list of what we can do to reduce the possibility of having an epileptic seizure.

  • Rest: Every night you need to make sure you get plenty of sleep.
  • Just Say No: Avoid drugs and alcohol at all costs.
  • Relax: Get to know stress reducing and relaxation techniques. Find some that work for you.
  • Meds: Take all of your medications as prescribed.
  • Lights are not toys: Avoid bright and flashing lights as they could instigate an epileptic seizure.
  • Diet properly: Eat sensibly. What you put into your body can affect what comes out of it.

Well, I hope you enjoyed this article, if you would, please leave a comment below and let me know what you think.




Today on STORMS IN THE BRAIN, we will be exploring the EXACTING ENCEPHALITIS.

What is Encephalitis?

Encephalitis is another brain disease caused by the inflammation of the brain. It is predominately a viral disease. Like Meningitis, Encephalitis symptoms may mimic a bad case of the flu.

What are these symptoms?

In mild cases, you can expect:

  • Aches in your muscles and joints
  • Headaches
  • Tiredness
  • Fever

In the more severe cases, be on the lookout for:

  • Problems with your speech and hearing
  • Movement issues
  • Stiffness in a particular part of your face or body
  • Disorientation
  • Seizures
  • Loss of consciousness


In babies, the symptoms may vary:

  • Difficulty feeding
  • Irritability
  • Throwing up
  • Stiffness in their bodies
  • A soft spot on their heads that protrude

If you notice these symptoms, especially in babies, seek medical help immediately.

What causes Encephalitis?

While in most cases, Encephalitis is viral, no one can accurately pinpoint the actual cause of this disease. What is known is that there are two different types of Encephalitis.

  • Primary Encephalitis: This is caused by a direct attack on the brain itself by a viral agent. The viral agent could spread or stay still. In fact, the viral agent could lay silently in the brain in a dormant state.
  • Secondary Encephalitis: This occurs when you get an infection in another part of the body and your immune system begins to attack the healthy cells instead of only the infected cells.

What are the viral agents that cause Encephalitis?

  • Childhood infections: The viruses that cause diseases like the mumps and measles can escalate and cause secondary Encephalitis.
  • Ticks and Mosquitos: Viruses such as the Powassan, which is carried by ticks, and West Nile Virus, which is caused by mosquitos, can spiral into Encephalitis.
  • Herpes: Cold sores, genital herpes, chickenpox, shingles and fever blisters, all carry viruses that could turn into Encephalitis.
  • Rabies: Commonly associated with being bitten by a rabid animal, this virus can cause an accelerated from of Encephalitis.
  • Enteroviruses: These viruses promote flu-like symptoms.

What are the risk factors associated with Encephalitis?

No one is exempt from getting Encephalitis. We are all included as candidates if we meet any of these criteria.

  • Seasons Change: Summertime is a perfect time for a mosquito and tick invasion.
  • Where You Live: In speaking about mosquitos and ticks, they love certain areas in the United States.
  • Systems Are Down: Your immune system, if found in a weakened state, can be a breeding ground for Encephalitis.
  • How Old Are You?: Certain cases of Encephalitis are more prevalent and more severe depending on the age of the infected person.

What are the severe complications can you expect from Encephalitis?

Depending on the severity of the Encephalitis, the list below can be long-term, or even PERMANENT.

  • Problems with your memory
  • Changes in your personality
  • Issues with your hearing, speech, and sight
  • Difficulties with muscle movement
  • Constant feeling of being tired
  • Paralysis

How can you determine the severity of the complications you have due to Encephalitis?

The following criteria is a great “measuring stick” when trying to figure out the severity of the complications you can get from Encephalitis.

  • Your age
  • The time between it took you to seek treatment after contracting Encephalitis.
  • How severe the Encephalitis was at the moment you got it.
  • The cause of your particular case of Encephalitis

What are the ways that you can prevent yourself from getting Encephalitis?

You can help yourself everyday against being Encephalitis’s next victim. Like my previous article THE MANGLING MENINGITIS, you can:

  • Mind your hygiene: Wash your hands often
  • Your eats are yours: Never share anything that goes into your mouth.
  • Shoot it down: Make sure you and your children have all their vaccinations.

But what about mosquitos and ticks?

In order to protect yourself and your children from the threat of viruses that cause Encephalitis that mosquitos and ticks carry, follow the following procedure.

  • Dress to repel: If you wear clothing that covers your arms and legs, mosquitos and ticks cannot get to you.
  • A spray a day…: Using repellent that contains permethrin will not only repel mosquitos and ticks, but kill them as well.
  • Keep away: Great advice. If you do not want to get bit, stay away from places they are known to be.
  • Useless water: Get rid of all water that is simply sitting in an area. Mosquitos love still water.
  • Look for the signs: If you look outside and notice sick or dying birds and animals, report it immediately to your local health department.

This wraps up another episode of STORMS IN THE BRAIN. Be on the lookout for our next segment where we look into EERIE EPILEPSY.

Please comment below and as always:



meningitis pic

Welcome to my newest series STORMS IN THE BRAIN.

In this series, I will discuss the different diseases that the brain can have, the risk factors, what can be done for them, and, if possible, what can be done to prevent them.

Our first “Storm” in the brain is the MANGLING MENINGITIS.

What is Meningitis?

Meningitis occurs when the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord become inflamed.

When this inflammation starts to swell, it can lead to headaches, fever, and even a stiffness in your neck.

What are the symptoms?

In the early stages of Meningitis, the symptoms may imitate those of the flu. These symptoms can take anywhere from a couple of hours or a couple of days to appear.

Symptoms include:

  • Seizures
  • Unexplained severe headache accompanied by throwing up
  • Stiffness of the neck
  • Lack of appetite
  • High fever that appears suddenly
  • Confusion
  • Difficulty sleeping

Symptoms vary somewhat for babies:

  • Poor feeding
  • Irritability
  • Colic
  • Sluggishness
  • Bodily stiffness
  • A small protrusion on the top of the baby’s head


What causes Meningitis?

There are three main causes of Meningitis: viral, bacterial, and fungal.

Viral Meningitis:

When this form of Meningitis hits, it is usually mild and temporary.

In the United States, these bacteria invade under the cover of enteroviruses that one gets from the late summer to early fall time.

In addition to these enteroviruses, herpes, West Nile Virus, mumps, and other viruses can also cause Meningitis.

Bacterial Meningitis:

When bacteria travel inside the bloodstream and drop themselves off at the brain and spinal cord, Bacterial Meningitis occurs.

However, that is not the only cause of Bacterial Meningitis.

The bacteria responsible for causing Bacterial Meningitis can make a direct attack against the central nervous system under the cover of an ear or sinus infection or even a skull fracture. Such an invasion of the central nervous system by these bacteria has even been known to happen after some surgeries (though quite rarely).

What are the bacterial invaders that cause Bacterial Meningitis?

Listeria Monocytogenes: This type of bacteria hides in unpasteurized food such as cheese and lunchmeats. Pregnant women, babies, and the elderly become the prime candidate for this type due to their weakened immune system. Pregnant women beware. This bacterial invader may be fatal to the unborn child especially if it attacks in the later terms of pregnancy. A vaccine is available to prevent this invader from causing problems.

Neisseria Meningitidis: A very popular bacteria among teenagers and young adults, these bacteria can quickly start an epidemic in military bases, boarding schools, and even college dorms. One of the main results of this bacterium is an upper respiratory infection. Like the previous bacteria, a vaccine is available to prevent this issue.

Maemophilus influenzae: Children, look out. Not too long ago, this bacterium was one of the leading causes of Bacterial Meningitis in children. However, now with the advance of medicine, a vaccine has evened the score.

Streptococcus pneumoniae: Now we arrive at the most common form of Bacterial Meningitis. This bacterium causes ear and sinus infections along with pneumonia. Luckily, a vaccine can help you prevent all that.

Now, unto the last common form of Meningitis:


Fungal Meningitis:

When one thinks about Meningitis, one does not normally think of a fungal cause. That is because of the rarity that this type of Meningitis occurs.

Though rarely seen, Fungal Meningitis attacks people who possess an immune deficiency and is fatal if the person infected does not use an antifungal medication.

Are there other causes of Meningitis?

Other than the ones listed above, Meningitis can also come from chemical reactions, allergies to medications, and certain forms of cancer.

Who makes a good candidate for contracting Meningitis?

  • Pregnant Women: These women are at a high risk of the listeria bacteria that may lead to Meningitis and can cause premature delivery, miscarriage, and even cause a baby to be stillborn
  • Vaccination Avoidance: Those who do not take all the recommended vaccinations, either child or adult, run the risk of contracting Meningitis.
  • Large settings: As mentioned above, military bases, boarding schools, and even college dorms are a great risk for Meningitis.
  • Immune deficiency: Also mentioned above, those with a weakened immune system are more susceptible to Meningitis.
  • Age: Viral Meningitis is common for babies while Bacterial Meningitis is common for those over 20

What complications can one expect from Meningitis?

As with any serious disease, the longer anyone has it, the more severe the disease becomes. Below is a list of some of the complications that arise with the onslaught of Meningitis.

  • Seizures
  • Loss of hearing
  • Loss of memory
  • Shock
  • Kidney failure
  • Death



Can Meningitis be prevented?

Even though medicine has advanced considerably over the years, Meningitis, as with other diseases, cannot be 100% prevented (e.g. problems with surgery, injury, or medications). However, there are steps we can take to make sure we are not vulnerable to this disease.

  • Adequate personal hygiene: Wash hands (and body) often, do not share drinks, food, utensils, toothbrushes or anything dealing with the mouth and lips.
  • Cover yourself: This is especially true when someone coughs or sneezes.
  • Raw Deal: Cook all foods and make sure the cheese you eat and the milk you drink or cook with is pasteurized.
  • Vaccinate: make sure your children get ALL the necessary vaccinations.

Well, that about wraps it up here. I hope you enjoy this and look forward next time for another Storm in the Brain where we will cover the EXACTING ENCEPHALITIS.

Please comment below.

And as always:





Blood clots.

A serious health risk.

Today we will be going over this threat and what we can do about them.

How does the blood clotting process go?

  • Little chunks of matter from in the blood when your blood vessels become These chunks are called platelets.


  • These platelets rush to the aid of the damaged vessel, bandage it up, and in turn, prevent too much blood leaving the vessel.


  • Once these platelets save the injured vessel, they emit proteins that attract other platelets. With the extra platelets, the cluster forms a kind of catcher’s mitt.


  • Other proteins in your body notice this platelet conspiracy and make sure that the cluster doesn’t get out of hand.


  • Once the damaged vessel has healed, the proteins dissolve and the cluster is no more.


What causes the clots to form?

  • Believe it or not, blood is actually quite intelligent. As the blood flows through the arteries, they sense damage wherever the damage may lie.


  • Plaque in your arteries can come open and cause the blood to clot as well. In fact, most of the heart attacks that come about are caused when plaque in the arteries burst.


  • Another way these blood clots can form is from the lazy When blood does not flow properly, it can lazily build up in a type of pool. This pool encourages all the platelets swimming in it to come together. This brings a host of medical issues. If the gathering happens near the heart, a heart attack can happen. If it happens in an artery near the brain, a Thrombotic Stroke may occur.



What are the symptoms to look out for if I suspect I have a blood clot?


  • unexplained swelling
  • discoloration on your skin
  • pain and tenderness
  • a sudden warming sensation


Can we stop this clotting?


There are medications we can take that stop the clotting process.

Below is a list of medicines of “platelet party poopers””

  • Low-dose Aspirin
  • Plavix
  • Brilinta
  • Effient
  • Ticlid

These medicines stop the platelets from calling other platelets to hang out with them.

To stop the blood from clotting, you can take blood thinners. Below is a list of some blood thinners you can take.

  • Equius
  • Pradaxa
  • Xarelto


There is also another drug that can help and it has a very long, technical, medical name. It’s called tissue plasminogen activator, or tPA.

This drug calls upon and instructs a protein to break down the clot.

Are there any medical issues that can cause the blood to clot?

Glad you asked.

When you do not have the proper amount of proteins in your body that stop clots from forming, it leaves you defenseless against them.

Now that we know about these clots, what can we do to prevent them being a hazard to our health?

Stop the Clot:

  • Blood Pressure and Blood Sugar: Keep on top of them. Keep them under control. Keep checking them.
  • Smoking, Drinking, Drug Use: Stop them all.
  • Exercise: A lazy body runs with lazy blood and lazy blood breeds clots like still water breeds mosquitos


As with any medical issue, forewarned is forearmed.

If you suspect you may have a blood clot, or if you experience any of these symptoms, SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION IMMEDIATELY.

As always: Take care of your body and it will take care of you.








We have finally reached our last article on strokes.

Today, I will help you understand the Transient Ischemic Attack (henceforth to be known as TIA).

This temporary condition causes no permanent damage.

There is no damage to brain tissue and no permanent disabling conditions.

The symptoms normally pass after a 24-hour period.

With the temporary conditions, some people breathe a sigh of relief.

However, do not be deceived.

One-third of TIA sufferers will suffer an even stronger stroke soon thereafter.

What are the symptoms of TIA?

The symptoms listed below can also indicate other medical issues (such as a stronger stroke), however, you should still look for the following:

  • Sight begins to be corrupted
  • Language becomes incoherent
  • Balance is difficult to keep
  • Confusion sets in
  • Faintness and dizziness surprises you
  • The ability to smell and taste things change
  • On one side of the body and/or face feels numb
  • An unexplained tingling sensation washed over you

If you experience all or any of these symptoms, SEEK MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY.

Considering the symptoms of TIA are temporary, how long do they last?

While we are all built differently, some people may experience symptoms for a minute, or even the entire day.

Some may even have symptoms disappear long before they even make it to the doctor.

Should your symptoms disappear before making it to your doctor, inform him or her of everything you experienced.

As with any stroke, you can readily identify the symptoms by using FAST. FAST is a set of criteria designed by the National Stroke Association.

What is FAST?

F= When the person smiles, notice whether or not the person’s face appears drooped

A= perform an ARM test. See if one of the arms appears to drift downward.

S= As you converse with the individual, notice if their SPEECH is incoherent

T= If yes to all the above, its TIME to call 911 and seek immediate medical assistance

Who would make a good candidate for TIA?

The risk factors, just as the symptoms of TIA are synonymous with other strokes and medical issues.

  • Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use:
  • High Blood Pressure, Sugar, and Cholesterol:
  • Obesity:

The symptoms of TIA are so intertwined with other strokes, that it is impossible for you to know which one you are having. This determination needs to be handled by a medical professional.

How can the doctors determine TIA?

A CT scan or an MRI is needed for the doctor to find out whether you are having a TIA or stroke. The CT or MRI takes a picture of your brain and from that image, the doctor will be able to see if the symptoms are temporary or not.

Treatment of TIA

The treatment of TIA focuses on medications designed for the improvement of blood flow to the brain.

Secondly, it involves the identification of abnormalities in the brain. This part of the treatment is necessary to lessen the risk of another TIA or stroke. The identification is normally done by surgical procedures.

The medications include the following:

  • Antiplatelet Drugs: such as aspirin and Plavix are used to make sure that the platelets in your blood don’t stick to each other causing a stoppage in the blood flow
  • Anticoagulant Drugs: Such as Warfarin and Xarelto are used to target the proteins that cause the blood clots from forming rather than attacking the platelets.

The surgical procedures include the following:

  • Carotid Intervention: This procedure involves a catheter that the doctor places inside the femoral artery that resides in your groin area. In addition, a stent is placed there to improve blood flow to the brain. If a clog is found in the artery, the doctor will then use a sort of balloon to widen the artery and unclog it.
  • Surgery: If you have narrow, carotid arteries in your neck, your doctor may perform a surgery known as Endarterectomy, which cleans up all the fat and deposits that are causing the problem.

Can we prevent TIA?

As with any kind of stroke, the prevention of TIAs remains the same:

  • Smoking, Drinking, and Drug Use: Stop it.
  • High Blood Pressure, Sugar, and Cholesterol: Keep it low and have it checked often.
  • Obesity: Keep your weight under control.
  • Salt: Avoid it
  • Stress: Reduce it
  • Fried and Sugary Foods: Reduce if not stop eating them altogether
  • Fruits and Vegetables are your friends so eat more of them

TIAs, although temporary, deserves to be taken seriously. As with any medical issue, look out for the symptoms, keep or create regular check-ups, and don’t go blindly into an early grave.

I hope you enjoyed the series on strokes. Stay tuned for my next series. BRAIN DISEASES.






Today, we will be going over the other part of Ischemic Strokes: EMBOLIC STROKES.

Clots that form in the body cause Embolic Strokes. The scariest part about Embolic Strokes is that the clots can form ANYWHERE in the body and make its way up the bloodstream to the brain.

Once found in the artery of the brain, the clot robs the brain of the necessary blood and oxygen it needs, thus causing a stroke.

How are these Embolic Strokes formed?

While the clots can form anywhere, they usually can be found in the heart or in the arteries that reside in the upper chest and neck.

Once these clots find a way, they travel north in the bloodstream only to rest in the artery in the brain and cause the brain to suffer from lack of blood and oxygen.

What should we look for as far as symptoms of Embolic Stroke?

Keeping in mind that we are all built differently, here are some of the most common symptoms of Embolic Stroke.

  • Lack of understanding words and difficulty speaking them.
  • Balance issues as well as walking trouble
  • Face, arms, and legs start and continue to feel numb
  • Momentary feeling that you cannot move at all
  • Issues with coordination
  • The person’s muscles become stiff
  • One side of the person’s body begins to feel weaker than the other
  • Person will complain about not being able to move an entire side of his or her body
  • Sudden state of confusion
  • Lethargic
  • Blurred or corrupted sight
  • Speech becomes slurred
  • Feeling faint or dizzy
  • Headaches that worsen
  • Nausea
  • The ability to swallow becomes more laborious

If you or someone you know has these symptoms, SEEK MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY!

How can we know that someone is have an Embolic Stroke and not something else?

Warning: the above symptoms may be caused, or lead to other medical issues.

Thanks to the National Stroke Association, they have come up with a way to help you find out whether you or someone you know is having a stroke.

They even developed an acronym to help you remember how to make that determination.

It’s called FAST.

F= When the person smiles, notice whether or not the person’s face appears drooped

A= perform an ARM test. See if one of the arms appear to drift downward.

S= As you converse with the individual, notice if their SPEECH is incoherent

T= If yes to all the above, its TIME to call 911 and seek immediate medical assistance

How can the doctor’s know that the individual is suffering from an Embolic Stroke?

In order to determine whether or not there is an Embolic Stroke, and to determine its severity, the doctor may use the following:

  • CT SCAN: this is used to check on the blood vessels located in the neck and brain regions.
  • MRI: an MRI is necessary in order to check for damages to any brain tissue that came from the Embolic Stroke.
  • CAROTID ULTRASOUND: The doctors use this to see how the blood flows and to find any fat trying to hide from sight in the carotid arteries.
  • Cerebral angiogram: if the doctors need to have a closer look inside your carotid arteries or even your vertebral arteries, they would use this
  • ECHOCARDIOGRAM: this device allows the doctor to use sound waves to find any blood clots that may have sneaked past other detections.
  • BLOOD TESTS: these tests determine how quickly and easily your blood clots, whether or not you have a chemical imbalance in the blood, how high your sugar level is, and if you have any kind of infection

To quote GI Joe (showing my age a little): Knowing is half the battle.

What issues can we expect after surviving an Embolic Stroke?

As I stated earlier, we are all built differently, so the complications that arise from Embolic Stroke may not affect all the survivors all the time.

  • The brain swells
  • Infections in the urinary tract
  • Bedsores especially having stayed in the hospital bed for an extended period of time
  • Pains in the shoulders
  • Muscles in your limbs become shortened due to lack of use
  • That’s right. Clots can form in your legs from having been still for so long
  • Issues with speaking and understanding others
  • Issues with the operation of one side of the body as well as “ghost pains.” Or strange sensations located on one side of the body

In keeping with the quote from GI Joe, if you know your risk, you can be better equipped to fight against being a candidate for Embolic Strokes.

What are the risk factors for Embolic Strokes?

  • High blood pressure and high cholesterol: keep an eye on these two and have them checked often
  • Smoking, drinking, and drug use: Stop them. They can kill you in more ways than one
  • Obesity: Lose the weight and feel great. This could mean the difference between a healthy life and one riddled with health
  • Lack of exercise: remember that a lazy body will have blood that’s lazy too.
  • Age: the older we get, the easier it is for issues to arise
  • Heart diseases: the more you go through, the more you become vulnerable to having other issues
  • Diabetes: keep that sugar regulated

This finishes our look at Ischemic Strokes.

For more information on blood clots, please check out my article entitled: CLOTTING AROUND

As always: Take care of your body, and it will take care of you.




Today, we will be going over one of the two major acute Ischemic Strokes, the Thrombotic Stroke.

Thrombotic Strokes are caused by a blood clot forming in one of the brain’s arteries. There are two different types of Thrombotic Strokes:

  1. Large Vessel Thrombosis: In this particular case, the blood clot forms in one of the brain’s larger arteries.


  1. Small Vessel Disease: In contrast with the Large Vessel Thrombosis, the Small Vessel Disease is where the blood clot forms in one of the brain’s smaller arteries.

What are the factors that make someone a good candidate for Thrombotic Stroke?

  • High Blood Pressure and High Cholesterol
  • Diabetes
  • Family History
  • Smoking

Now that we know who will be a good candidtate for Thrombotic Stroke, are there any signs to watch for?

Keep reading and find out.

Watch for the signs.

  • Weakness or even paralysis in a part of the body or an entire side of the body depending on where the clot forms.
  • Problems with vision and even total loss of vision
  • Balance and walking difficulties
  • Speech difficulties that may include a loss of verbal speech
  • The ablility to use your hands and arms become corrupted.
  • Severe headaches
  • Isssues with consciousness

Keep in mind that these signs maybe signs of something else. Once you experience these symptoms, seek medical help immiediately.

How is Thrombotic Stroke diagnosed?

Your doctor will want a picture of your brain via a CT scan or an MRI scan. This will help the doctor determine whether a clot exists or not.

Other ways that a doctor can find out whether you have a Thrombotic Stroke or not is using a chest X-ray, an echocardiogram, or a Doppler ultrasound.

The chest X-ray will reveal if you indeed have a Thromobic Stroke or something else.

The echocardiogram will reveal irregular heart rythyms. This will help him or her determing whether your stroke is Thrombotic or Embolic (Embolic Strokes explained in a future article.)

The Doppler ultrasound evaluates blood flow through blood vessels by the use of sound to create a picture of your large neck arteries called cartoid arteries. These arteries are responsible for sending blood and oxygen to the brain.

If the doctor opts for a CT scan and he or she discovers that there is bleeding on the brain, then what you have is a Hemorrhagic Stroke which is treated diffently than a Thrombotic Stroke.

For more information on Hemorrhagic Stroke, check out my article entitled BLOOD ON THE BRAIN.

An important note here: If you had a Throombotic Stroke, you are at a high risk of having another one.

Now that we know about Thrombotic Strokes, we will now discuss the steps we need to take in order to prevent us from falling victim to them.

Help Yourself Prevent Thrombotic Stroke:

While nothing in life is a “sure thing”, you can greatly reduce your chances of getting a Thrombotic Stroke if you follow these preventative measures.

  • High Blood Pressure Check: as with any kind of stroke or other medical issue, having your blood pressure checked could mean the difference between living healthy and dying young.
  • Cholesterol: As with High Blood Pressrue, keep your cholesterol in check and have it checked often.
  • Diabetes: if you are Diabetic, you already have one strike against you. So keep your sugar in check.
  • Excersise: Keep your blood pumping and stay active. A lazy person has lazy organs and lazy blood.
  • Diet: eat right, or Die from It.
  • Smoking: This will render you powerless against Thrombotic Strokes along with other medical issues.

Finally, we will look over the treatment options for Thrombotic Strokes

What are my Treatment Options?

Thrombotic Strokes are nothng to mess around with. If you even suspect that you are having one, or any other kind of medical issue, please: SEEK MEDICAL HELP IMMEDIATELY.

Stay tuned for my next article where we will go over the other Ischemic Stroke: the Embolic Stroke.

Until then…

Take care of your body and it will take care of you.